Cancer of the oral cavity
Cancer of the oral cavity leads to the appearance of ulcers that do not heal for a long time. This is accompanied by severe pain and bleeding. Since there are lymphatic vessels in the mouth, swelling of the mouth, palate or cheek grows rapidly, and metastases rapidly grow throughout the body. As a result, the lungs, brain, blood vessels in the head, as well as nerve endings can be affected. The latter can cause death of the patient.
In its initial state, cancer (tumor or oncology of the oral cavity) is difficult to diagnose and classify. Israeli experts believe that any diseases that are the source of the appearance and growth of oncology should be attributed to neoplasia.
The precursors of an oral tumor include:
- erythroplakia (vascular foci in mouth);
- papillomatosis caused by radiation therapy.
In addition, leukoplakia may occur in the mouth.
Varieties of oral cavity oncology
When diagnosing and subsequent treatment of oral cancer in Israel, local experts identify the following types of this oncology:
- fundus neoplasia (cancer of the floor of the mouth , which is treated in Israel, causes the following symptoms: pain, severe salivation, difficulty swallowing);
- papillary tumor (affection of the tongue, throat, pharynx, palate);
- neoplasia of the palate ( this disease is rare and proceeds in parallel with the infection);
- carcinoma of the cheek area (difficulty swallowing, chewing, speech);
- keratinizing tumor (this is the name of a malignant tumor of the oral cavity, which is the most common);
- non-keratinizing tumor (epithelial mutation, not accompanied by keratinization);
- squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity (with this type of cancer oral cavity, larynx or oral mucosa, even at the initial stage, causes blurry speech, pain when swallowing and chewing);
- gum cancer (appears due to dental problems);
- tongue neoplasia (a malignant or benign tumor of the oral cavity that affects the tongue from several sides and the palate at the same time).
Cancer of the oral cavity at any stage (1, 2, 3 and 4) can lead to the formation of rapidly growing ulcers or "nodules".
Causes and symptoms of oral cancer
Usually, oral cancer, diagnosed with high quality in Israel, occurs in the following patients:
- alcohol abusers;
- heavy smokers;
- long-term under the sun;
- exposed to chemicals, toxic substances, radiation;
The most common symptoms are ulcers or cracks, inflammation, pain, fatigue, weight loss, exhaustion.
Treatment of oral cancer
The specific type of neoplasia treatment is chosen based on the stage of the disease.
At 1 and stage 2 uses radiation therapy for oral cancer. It is often combined with chemotherapy.
If stage 4 oral cancer is diagnosed (a couple of months left to live), palliative therapy is used. Surgery may be necessary for any degree of illness.