Testicular cancer - how and where to treat it
Male testicular cancer is a malignant oncology that affects the male sex glands. This is a rather rare disease, and in 98% of examples, the tumor affects only 1 gland (cancer of the 2 ovaries of a man is recorded only in 2%).
Cancer of a man's scrotum, both on the right and on the left egg, is typical for young men. Basically, it occurs in 20-40 years, and sometimes occurs in children. In the case of the latter, in 90% of cases, teratoma is the culprit. There is also an increased risk of male egg cancer with undescended testicles or in the case of endocrine disorders. Another reason is genetic predisposition. Sometimes cells begin to degenerate into ovarian cancer with trauma to the left or right testicles, as well as their constant overheating.
Types of tumors
All neoplasms in the testicles are classified according to their place of origin into 2 generalized groups :
germ cell (95% of cases), which are formed from glandular tissue and metastases in the eggs and scrotum at an early stage;
non-germ cell, formed from the tissue of the egg parenchyma.
Doctors in Israel, when diagnosing testicular cancer, distinguish mixed variants, when the cells are mixed.
Symptoms of the disease
or left testicle) can be seen visually. It looks like a deformity, swelling, or enlargement of the testicle. It feels like a knot to the touch. Since pain in a man's epididymis cancer does not appear immediately, many delay the visit to a doctor (by the way, Israeli doctors are considered the best in this area), and this is a huge mistake.
Malignant tumor of a man's testicles, which requires mandatory diagnostics and cancer treatment in Israel is very aggressive. It can double in size in just 30 days. If symptoms of a tumor of the male right or left egg appear, you must go to the hospital.
Further, with a tumor of the male testicle (both right and left), a dull aching pain appears in the lumbar region and lower abdomen. The reason is the growth of lymph nodes, as well as compression of the nerves. If the scrotum is swollen, there may be a problem with the toilet. Also, cancer of the right or left testicle can lead to hormonal disorders (breast growth, voice changes, impotence).
All this happens simultaneously with weight loss, loss of strength and constant fever.
In total, Israeli doctors distinguish 4 stages of cancer:
Stage 1 testicular cancer - the appearance and development of a tumor in the gland;
Stage 2 testicular cancer - the neoplasm grows and forms metastases affecting the lymph nodes;
Stage 3 testicular cancer - the appearance of distant metastases, as well as damage to the spermatic cord;
Stage 4 testicular cancer - tumor ingrowth into the scrotum.
Based on which side of the testicle with the tumor, the lymph nodes affected by metastases differ.
Treatment in Israel
BK Medical Logistic, whose offices are located in Kiev, Tel Aviv , Moscow and Almaty, offers patients treatment in the best clinics in Israel. Here you can find:
efficiency (modern technologies in Israeli clinics);
a selection of the best doctors for the treatment of a specific type of cancer;
revision of analyzes and diagnosis;
an individual approach to patients and the selection of the best options for them.
In the case of stage 1 of the tumor, when the lymph nodes are not yet affected, Israeli doctors can perform an operation without completely removing the testicle. But most often a complete excision of the gland is required. At stages 2 and 3, radiation therapy is performed in Israeli clinics after the operation. At stage 4, chemotherapy is added to it.