Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
Pancreatic cancer is a fairly common disease, diagnosed with the same frequency in both men and women. There are several histological forms of malignant tumors in the pancreas:
- adenocarcinoma is the most common type of cancer that can affect the epithelial cells lining the ducts (ductal carcinoma) or cause degeneration of pancreatic cells, leading to their active growth and the formation of cysts;
- squamous cell carcinoma affects both glandular cells and degenerated epithelial elements, forms many foci, is difficult to remove and causes multiple metastases;
- cystadenocarcinomatous cancer;
- acinar cell tumor;
- undifferentiated (anaplastic) cancer occurs in 1% of pancreatic cancers.
Pancreatic carcinoid is a rare, potentially malignant a neoplasm from the group of neuroendocrine tumors, which is almost asymptomatic and resembles benign neoplasms, but can give distant metastases.
Cancer of the pancreas has the worst prognosis for survival. The best chances of a favorable outcome are those who have the disease at an early stage and surgery to remove the gland or part of it is still possible.
Diagnosis and symptoms
The symptoms of pancreatic carcinoma depend on localization of the tumor. These include:
- loss of appetite;
- causeless weight loss;
- pain in the left hypochondrium;
- appearance of jaundice;
- dyspeptic disorders;
- manifestations of diabetes mellitus;
- general malaise.
Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas is a very aggressive and rapidly developing disease, the prognosis for a full recovery can be optimistic only if treatment is started in very early stages. However, symptoms most often appear at later stages, which makes it impossible to use surgical methods of treatment.
For timely diagnosis, methods such as are used:
- computed tomography with bolus contrast enhancement;
- blood test for tumor markers;
- general and biochemical blood test;
- other laboratory tests.
Diagnostic measures can be carried out in the best clinics in Israel, specializing in the treatment of cancer. High-tech equipment, experienced specialists, a versatile approach allow us to accurately diagnose the degree and location of the tumor, which increases the chances of treatment.
BK MEDICAL LOGISTIC will provide assistance at all stages of treatment, from laboratory tests, diagnostics and ending with treatment.
Treatment of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
Neuroendocrine carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm whose primary focus is in the organs of the endocrine system, including the pancreas.The effectiveness of surgical treatment of neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas depends on the prevalence of the process and the results of morphological examination, especially if it is a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma.
International protocols for the treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma include both surgical intervention and the use of chemotherapy, palliative care. Resection of the tumor is possible only in 20% of cases, and if the adenocarcinoma of the pancreas metastases or has grown into the vessels, which characterizes stage 4 of the disease, then the operation is not performed.
To increase the chances of survival in pancreatic adenocarcinoma, preoperative chemotherapy is used, sometimes in combination with radiation therapy, which makes it possible to perform radical surgery. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are used as palliative treatment, preventive treatment of thrombosis, diabetes mellitus, obstructive jaundice is carried out, and pain relievers are prescribed.
Effective treatment in good conditions can be ensured with the help of BK MEDICAL LOGISTIC, which guarantees the possibility of remote consultation and diagnostics, and also helps to get to the best Israeli clinics as quickly as possible.