Myeloma or plasma cell cancer is a malignant blood disease that occurs due to the interruption of the functioning of cells in the plasma of the bone marrow.
Plasma cells are found not only in the blood, but also in the bone marrow. Myeloma is characterized by the fact that it does not form a tumor, but cancer cells spread throughout the bone marrow. At the same time, foci of a round shape of various sizes are formed in the bones, they gradually replace "normal" tissue, increasing the chance of fractures and osteoporosis. Sometimes cancer of the blood myeloma can cause the growth of tumors outside the bone tissue. Most often, multiple myeloma, which is treated by the best specialists in Israel, occurs in people aged 50 - 70 years.
How myeloma disease proceeds
Plasma cells are a special type of leukocytes formed in the bone of the brain and serving to maintain immunity. Normal plasma cells produce antibodies called immunoglobulins that help the body fight infection. If the cellular DNA is damaged in any way, it can be the beginning of the development of myeloma. Damaged plasma cells multiply, spread rapidly in the human bone marrow, producing the useless protein paraprotein.
Myeloma has been named multiple because it affects the body systemically. It manifests itself in places of special activity of the bone marrow (spine, limbs, skull, pelvis). As a result, the disease affects other organs as well. Bones are destroyed first, so fractures are common. Then kidney problems appear.
Although there is ongoing research into where multiple myeloma comes from in children and adults, as well as what the risk factors are, today the causes of its occurrence are unknown.
Symptoms of myeloma disease
Symptoms of the disease are very different, therefore, the treatment of multiple blood myeloma can also vary greatly. Disease multiple myeloma is 1, 2 stages or the most aggressive 3 degrees, in addition, cancer or multiple myeloma can affect the blood, bones, skin, vertebrae, kidneys. In any case, the treatment of multiple myeloma and its diagnosis should be under the close supervision of specialists.
The first signs that a myeloma tumor causes are increased fatigue or inflammation with complications, sometimes it is a violation of the kidneys. The most common symptom is bone pain, mainly in the spine.
How is multiple myeloma treated in Israel?
If the disease has not spread yet, treatment of multiple myeloma may not be started immediately but you need to regularly undergo thorough examinations and diagnostics.
If there are obvious symptoms of myeloma, treatment of myeloma begins, prescribing chemotherapy and cortisone therapy. In Israeli clinics, supportive, immunotherapy and radiation therapy are also used.
Although this disease is considered incurable, today the treatment of myeloma in Israel shows good results, usually leading to remission and disappearance of symptoms. The disease can be “stopped” at the stage of chronic form.