Lung cancer: diagnosis and treatment options
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers. A distinctive feature of this disease is deceit, because a sick person for a long time does not even notice that he has problems. So that the course of the disease does not worsen, timely diagnosis and treatment is required. Modern methods of lung cancer treatment allow to cope with this difficult disease. The main cause of the disease is smoking, this bad habit is accompanied in most cases.
How does the disease manifest itself?
This disease is very dangerous, because it concerns the functions of the respiratory organs, without which a person simply cannot can live. It is important not only to prescribe timely treatment, but also to localize the tumor in the lung. If peripheral organ damage occurs, experts give a rather optimistic prognosis, because the patient can live for more than one year. But often sick people are not even aware of their diagnosis, since it practically does not manifest itself in any way.
In addition to smoking, the ecological situation in the area where the person lives is of great importance. Industrial cities with well-developed factories and many cars are characterized by an increased number of people suffering from cancer. Tumors of internal organs more often appear in older people.
As a rule, such a disease is discovered quite by accident, during the course of a routine medical examination. Very often, the tumor develops without symptoms. The main signs of an early stage of the disease are presented:
a hoarse voice;
a chronic dry cough;
a hissing sound during breathing;
pain in chest that grows worse during inhalation;
shortness of breath and difficulty breathing;
a slight increase in temperature;
constant fatigue and increased fatigue.
Usually a person does not suspect that he has lung cancer, the diagnosis becomes a complete surprise, because few people pay attention to such symptoms. The last stage in lung cancer is manifested by severe pain in the chest. If the nerve fibers are damaged, the patient suffers from pain in the shoulder or arm.
Varieties of lung cancer
With this disease, a malignant neoplasm develops, in which the epithelial tissue of the bronchi takes part. Lung cancer is of two types:
non small cell.
The small cell variant is less common, but such tumors are considered the most malignant. Their distinctive features: short history, rapid and latent course, early metastasis and poor prognosis. Small cell carcinoma is very difficult to treat, even if the diagnosis is made at an early stage. In the case of a diagnosis of small cell lung cancer, surgery is rarely performed; radiation and chemotherapy are included in the treatment protocol.
Non-small cell lung cancer occurs with the development of special cells that are involved in the production of mucin, a mucous secretion. Most often, the surface of the diseased organ is covered with several foci. To get rid of the disease, they use an operation method or chemotherapy.
How to determine the disease?
If at least one sign of the disease is found, you should undergo a full examination. It should be understood that oncology is not a sentence, there are many options for treating the disease at different stages. A standard examination consists of the following studies:
transthoracic puncture biopsy.
All of them allow diagnosing lung cancer at early stages, prescribing timely treatment and surgery to remove a malignant tumor. It should be remembered that even if metastases appear, their removal is possible, after which the patient continues to live a full life, his lungs will continue to work.
Where is the best treatment for?
For cancer treatment lungs, even in the last stages, removal of tumors, undergoing chemotherapy, many Ukrainians go to clinics in Israel. Medicine in this country is developed at a high level; the most modern methods and modernized equipment are used to treat oncology of the stomach, intestines or lungs. Of course, many patients are interested in: how much does it cost to cure lung cancer, small-cell or non-small-cell, in Israel? ). This clinic uses modern equipment for the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. How much will treatment or surgery for lung cancer cost in Israel? Such an offer will be beneficial, because the company does not receive commissions above the base price. If there is a certain cost of medical services, lung cancer treatment in Israel will be carried out exactly at this price, the patient will not pay anything more for surgery or chemotherapy, which often happens in other places that deal with the treatment of oncology.
Stomach cancer , intestines, lungs, with or without metastases - for all these diseases, it is possible to take tests in Ukraine, which will then be tested in Israel. In this case, the price is not the main thing, because all histology will be checked on high-precision equipment of the latest generation. Only after that a decision is made about the patient's travel. Customer support occurs at each separate stage - both during the collection of material for analysis, and at the stage of postoperative rehabilitation.