Formation and treatment of lymphosarcoma
Lymphosarcoma disease is a malignant tumor that can develop in any organ. It is progressing rapidly. Lymphosarcoma occurs in the lymphatic tissues, so it is comparable to acute leukemia. There are no age restrictions - lymphosarcoma occurs equally often in children and adults (it is diagnosed faster in a child). According to studies, there is a greater chance of developing this disease in men than in women.
Causes of lymphatic sarcoma
Lymphosarcoma is formed due to genetic mutations (degeneration of malignant blood cells). A mutated cell actively multiplies, forming many "clones" of the tumor. The exact causes of lymphosarcoma, the treatment of which is best carried out in an Israeli clinic, is unknown. Presumptive factors that can influence the development of pathology are exposure to radiation (gamma radiation), chemicals and certain viruses.
Lymphatic sarcoma - symptoms
Symptoms of lymphosarcoma mostly depend on whether where the disease arose - lymph nodes, liver, stomach, bones, uterus, skin, tonsils, etc. Israeli doctors distinguish the following general symptoms: fatigue, decreased appetite, weight loss, fever.
When the lymph nodes are affected first, 1 node increases, then the disease spreads to the rest. There is a sore throat, the tone of the voice may change.
If the gastrointestinal tract is affected, stomach pains, colic, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, vomiting are possible.
Lymphosarcoma of the skin is rare. a type of malignant neoplasm that is currently poorly understood.
Diagnosis and treatment of lymphosarcoma
In Israeli clinics, the most guaranteed method for diagnosing lymphosarcoma is chest x-ray. However, it is not always prescribed, due to the risk of radiation.
In the case of a tumor of the pharyngeal glands, the disease is diagnosed too late, since the degeneration of the tonsils and palate is often considered an inflammatory process. Lymph node tumors are diagnosed by palpation. At the same time, any thermal effect is prohibited, since it accelerates the growth of the tumor.
If the patient develops lymphosarcoma, diagnosis in the form of a general blood test is ineffective, since the blood formula does not change. It is better to conduct a morphological study of the material obtained by biopsy.
Treatment of lymphosarcoma depends on the place of its formation, type and stage of the disease. Usually, aggressive treatment of lymphosarcoma is required, which is expressed in a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Surgery is not practiced due to the rapid proliferation of affected tissue after surgery. When only chemotherapy is carried out, each subsequent effect on tumor cells is weakened.
If the disease is at an early stage (stage 1 or 2 lymphosarcoma), a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is used. This treatment in Israeli clinics is not practiced at stages 3 and 4 of lymphosarcoma. If the disease has reached this stage, chemotherapy is usually prescribed (up to 17 courses).
There is no prevention, since the mechanism of the development of the disease has not yet been determined.