Symptoms of bronchiectasis
Bronchiectasis (bronchiectasis) is a disease that can be congenital or acquired. It is characterized by the presence of bronchiectasis, which are enlargements and changes in the large bronchi, which are caused by infection and purulent-inflammatory processes. The causes of bronchiectasis can be cystic fibrosis, frequent infections, weakened immunity, and sometimes the disease can occur for no apparent reason. Symptoms of bronchiectasis are:
- chronic cough;
- discharge of purulent sputum;
- shortness of breath on exertion;
- general malaise;
- in some cases hemoptysis and bleeding from the lungs may appear;
- tissue cyanosis;
- weakness. >
When listening to the lungs, moist rales are found, the amount of which decreases after coughing.
Bronchiectasis can be diffuse, affecting several areas of the lungs, and focal, which appears in one or two areas. Diffuse bronchiectasis can develop in patients who have a genetic predisposition, anatomical defects in the development of the respiratory system. Local bronchiectasis appears with untreated pneumonia, with obstruction. If the disease progresses, complications may occur, leading to pulmonary hypertension, anastomosis between the pulmonary and bronchial vessels.
Bronchiectasis can be asymptomatic for several years, accompanied by periodic exacerbations.
Diagnosis and Treatment
To diagnose bronchiectasis, a specialist pulmonologist is needed to physically examine the patient, order a chest x-ray and high-resolution computed tomography. Also, laboratory tests are carried out for diagnostics, including sowing bacteria to identify pathogenic organisms. The cost of diagnostics depends on the price of certain procedures and tests and the number of examinations required to make a diagnosis with one hundred percent accuracy.
Often bronchiectasis resembles chronic bronchitis along the course, but is accompanied by the release of pus and a high volume of daily sputum, and also visually visible on X-ray dilation of the airways.
Treatment of the disease includes the use of modern antibiotics that suppress pathogenic microflora, as well as the use of drugs that eliminate spasms of small bronchi, effective sputum thinning and facilitating coughing up mucolytic drugs ... To stop inflammation, hormonal agents can be prescribed, as well as immunostimulants that activate the body's own defenses. If the disease is accompanied by oxygen deficiency, the patient is prescribed oxygen therapy. Since the process is irreversible, sometimes they resort to radical methods of treating bronchiectasis.
For the rehabilitation of bronchiectasis, a general strengthening of the body is necessary, adherence to the rules of a healthy lifestyle, which require the elimination of bad habits. Breathing exercises, physical education, walks in the fresh air are necessary. It is also important to organize a full-fledged proper nutrition with a sufficiently high calorie content and content of all the necessary nutrients. Without adequate timely treatment, bronchiectasis can lead to permanent chronic bronchitis, pulmonary heart failure, the development of bronchial asthma, which reduces the quality of life.
Bronchiectasis: treatment in Israel
Get qualified medical care at all stages, from diagnosis to rehabilitation, can be done in Israeli clinics specializing in the treatment of respiratory diseases. The BK Medical Logistic company will provide support related to the search for the best pulmonologists, clinics where the patient will be provided with optimal conditions for treatment at an affordable cost, and will also take on organizational issues.
Thanks to the help of BK Medical Logistic, the patient receives effective therapy and, if necessary, surgical intervention by the best Israeli pulmonologists. You can save time and money as all diagnostic and treatment procedures are performed in a short time. The cost of treatment depends on the complexity of the disease and the required procedures.