Polyps of the cervix - symptoms
The cervix is the canal that connects the uterus and the vagina. Sometimes neoplasms appear on its mucous membrane - polyps, which are outgrowths that partially cover the lumen. The etiology of the disease is not fully understood, it is possible that hormonal disorders, infectious diseases, trauma (including cervical erosion) lead to the appearance of polyps on the cervix.
Most often, polyps consist of mucous or fibrous tissue, there are also atypical varieties that are considered the most dangerous and require careful research. Polyps on the cervix can lead to difficulties in conception and problems with carrying a pregnancy, and they are also dangerous because they can become cancerous.
The main symptoms of cervical polyps are:
- menstrual irregularities;
- bleeding after intercourse;
- pulling pains in the lower abdomen.
These symptoms are typical for some other gynecological diseases, therefore, only a specialist can make a diagnosis after examination and research.
Diagnosis of the disease and methods of treatment
To make a diagnosis, an examination by a gynecologist is required, as well as some additional studies:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs;
- colposcopy - examination of the surface of the cervix using a special device - a colposcope, which is a binocular microscope with a lens system and illumination, which allows you to magnify the image by 8-40 times;
- hysteroscopy - examination of the walls of the uterine cavity with a special optical device that allows you to assess the state of the uterus;
- cervicoscopy - examination of the cervical canal with a hysteroscope.
To determine the type of polyp, a histological examination of a tissue sample may be required.
Conservatively, polyps are practically not treated, sometimes they resort to hormonal therapy in order to avoid relapses after removal of the polyp. Removal of polyps is performed using several methods:
- conventional polypectomy - the neoplasm is removed, and the place where it was located is burned with an electric current;
- cryodestruction - small polyps on the cervix can be removed with the help of low temperatures (liquid nitrogen);
- laser removal of a polyp today is the most effective method that allows you to take material for research and at the same time is less traumatic;
- using an electric knife;
- radio wave destruction of the polyp;
- cauterization with solkovagin - a drug for local treatment of various diseases of the cervix.
The choice of method for removing cervical polyps depends on their structure, number , location and size.
Treatment in Israel
Polyps of the cervix and cervical canal are successfully treated in many medical centers in Israel, equipped with the most modern equipment for diagnosis and treatment. The cost of services depends on the number and complexity of diagnostic procedures, the severity of the disease, and the method of treatment.
Prices for medical services in Israel are lower than in Germany, France, and the USA. The cost of diagnostics and treatment is comparable to the cost of similar procedures in private clinics in Ukraine, and due to the excellent equipment of Israeli clinics and high qualifications of doctors, treatment is more effective. Most of the procedures are performed using minimally invasive methods that allow you to get a good result with minimal intervention and quick recovery.