An inflammatory process in the soft tissues, which is accompanied by the formation of a cavity filled with pus, surrounded by a capsule, is called an abscess. An abscess can occur on mucous membranes or on the skin of a person, as well as affect internal organs.
Lung abscess is a disease that can be caused by exposure to pathogenic microbes, among them the most common culprits of the disease are fungal pathogens, staphylococci, gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms that enter the lungs in various ways:
- from the mouth or throat;
- through the bloodstream;
- in case of injury.
More susceptible to lung abscess are people who have diabetes mellitus or thyroid disease, workers in hazardous industries, suffering from bad habits, as well as those who take immunosuppressive drugs or hormonal drugs. Pneumonia can provoke the development of an abscess, which is incorrectly and ineffectively treated, while ventilation of the lungs is impaired, blood circulation worsens, and immunity decreases. Inhalation of a foreign body, blockage of the bronchi, trauma to the chest can lead to an abscess of the lung.
What is done to diagnose and treat a lung abscess?
The disease occurs in several stages, the first is the formation of a purulent cavity, which is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- loss of appetite;
- painful sensations in the chest;
- shortness of breath and cough.
After spontaneous opening of the cavity with pus, the patient's condition worsens, a large amount of purulent sputum is released, which has an unpleasant odor.
A lung abscess can take a long time. An abscess after the release of pus can heal on its own, but if the abscess lasts more than two months, we can talk about a chronic form of the disease, which is dangerous with the occurrence of complications - the infection can spread throughout the body.
To diagnose a lung abscess, a number of tests are performed and research:
- general and biochemical blood test;
- chest x-ray;
- computed tomography;
- bacteriological analysis of sputum and blood;
- fibrobronchoscopy and bronchography.
Treatment of a lung abscess is a long process that includes antibiotic therapy (rather long-term use of antibiotics). Also used are drugs that improve the draining function - mucolytic agents, inhalations. If the disease was triggered by a foreign body entering the respiratory tract, a bronchoscopy may be performed to remove it. In some cases, they resort to surgical treatment - removal of the affected tissue. The cost of diagnosis and treatment depends on the severity of the condition, the type of pathogen, the number of foci and other factors.
Effective treatment in Israel at an affordable price
Finding an experienced specialist who deals with the treatment of lung abscess is not always easy on your own. BK MEDICAL LOGISTIC will help you choose a clinic and a good doctor, provide the patient with the necessary information regarding both the cost of treatment and diagnostic procedures, and the price of staying in a medical institution.
Israel's pulmonologists are known all over the world as highly qualified specialists who have extensive experience in the effective treatment of patients with lung abscess. Prices for services in Israeli clinics are lower than in a number of European countries, and are quite comparable with the cost of treatment in Ukraine. Given the higher qualifications of doctors, the availability of specialized latest high-tech equipment in clinics, the chances of success increase significantly.