Chronic lymphocytic leukemia - causes and symptoms of the disease
Lymphocytic leukemia is an oncological disease characterized by the production of an excessive number of abnormal immature blood cells, precursors of lymphocytes that cannot perform their functions. Malignant lymphocytes are not involved in the body's defense, and also suppress the production of normal blood cells, which disrupts the functioning of organs and body systems.
Lymphocytic leukemia has a large number of varieties, each of which is characterized by the characteristics of the course of the disease, the degree of maturity of lymphocytes, the types of lymphocytes that are affected by the disease.
The most common two types of disease are acute lymphoblastic leukemia and chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia in most cases does not have pronounced symptoms, young people rarely get sick, more often chronic lymphocytic leukemia occurs in patients of a more mature age. Doctors cannot name the exact causes of the disease, risk factors usually include:
- exposure to radiation;
- constant contact with carcinogenic chemicals;
- smoking ;
- old age;
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia usually does not manifest itself at the initial stage of the disease, the disease can be almost asymptomatic for several years, but when the disease progresses, the following symptoms appear:
- the formation of subcutaneous hemorrhages;
- frequent colds, SARS, which go away for a long time;
- decreased physical activity, weakness ;
- increased night sweats;
- decreased appetite and weight loss;
- exacerbation of autoimmune diseases;
- swollen lymph nodes.
It is known that the earlier the treatment of any oncological disease is started, the more chances of success are, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia is no exception. Therefore, timely detection of the disease and the establishment of an accurate diagnosis play an important role.
Diagnostics and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in Israel
An experienced doctor in the field of oncohematology can diagnose and choose the right treatment regimen for chronic lymphocytic leukemia. You can find a suitable specialist in one of the clinics in Israel, which has long been considered one of the countries where medicine is most developed and effective assistance is provided for oncological diseases of various organs, and the affordable cost of services (prices for research, procedures, operations, treatment in a hospital) makes treatment in Israel is the best option.
Various methods are used to diagnose the disease, which include:
- blood test (general and extended);
- cytogenetic study;
- bone marrow tissue analysis;
- lymph node biopsy;
- computed tomography.
Before the appointment of tests and examinations, the doctor examines the patient, palpates the lymph nodes, collects data about its state.
For the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chemotherapy is most often used - the name and dosage regimen is chosen by the oncohematologist based on the stage of the disease and the patient's condition. Radiation therapy is sometimes used, although due to the systemic nature of the disease, this method is limited. Bone marrow transplantation for chronic disease is rare.
Possibility of treatment in Israel
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is successfully treated in Israeli oncohematology clinics, where highly qualified doctors with extensive experience in the treatment of such diseases work. The prices for their services are not higher than those for similar ones in other European countries, and in some cases the cost of treatment is even more affordable.
BK MEDICAL LOGISTIC is a navigator in the world of medicine that will help you find the right path to healing the most difficult diseases. If you want to get advice from the most experienced and professional specialist, undergo a high-quality examination, according to the results of which the most optimal and effective treatment will be selected - call us. If the cost of treatment in Israel seems too high, consult with our specialists who will help you find the best solution.